So here is my attempt to be vaguely useful to other newbie writers: 37 synonyms for "said".
called / called out
Some of these only work in certain contexts, but contexts certainly exist within a piece of writing. The exclamation marks show how shocked I was to discover I'd forgotten the word and how many different dictionary attacks it took for me to find it again. ("Exclaimed!" will be my new pet, I think.)
Any other good ones? Feel free to contribute, that's the whole point of public journal entries :)